Cloud Series: Authorize anything with macaroons

Cloud Series: Authorize anything with macaroons

Cloud Series: Authorize anything with macaroons

What is macaroni?

Pasta is an access token that uses context-sensitive rights to confirm that the user is who he says he is, and that nobody is who he says he is. The macarons developed by Google are advanced traditional cookies that reduce the size or capabilities of a particular token or allow for more distributed functionality. Macarons offers a new marking format specifically used in OAuth2/OIDC tires and is available in the identity cloud.

In traditional token-based authentication, access points represent the authorisation of a specific application to access certain parts of the user’s data. Your privacy is only guaranteed by the application itself, the authorization server and the resource server that has ever seen the token. To allow the new suite of applications to focus on distributed capabilities, macro-based tokens outside the sender can be cryptographically tested using standard libraries and replaced by regular access.

Tags for access and updates

Traditional access codes are short-lived because they allow potentially malicious users to access the resources of the source owner in the event of a leak. However, clients may need access to protected data for periods longer than the lifetime of the access mark or where the owner of the source is unavailable. In some cases it is not reasonable to seek the approval of the owner of the funds several times in the same process.

Changing the chips solves this problem. By default, they are durable and allow you to customize the token’s lifetime in OAuth 2.0 provider settings or in any client. Updated tokens, unlike access tokens, allow customers to request a new access token without further interaction with the source owner. However, fresh tokens can only be used once.


Macarons is a new type of bearer token that can be used when releasing access tokens and OAuth 2.0 updates. They make it possible to add qualifiers to limit or specify the context in which a token can be used. They can also provide additional security, as these tokens can be temporarily restricted.

For example, you can add a 5-second timeout to a macaroni access token before sending it to the API. You can also link it to a TLS client certificate before using it. And you can make as many pastes as you like with a single access mark, and the volume of each can be limited by booking a trusted customer.

Distributed access

Fits can also be used instead of the usual access marks, as they allow a single access mark to be shared with multiple clients and resource servers without compromising security. Instead of issuing multiple access tokens of different sizes, ForgeRock, as an authorization server, issues a single access token wrapped in a macro with a large format. You can make as many doughs as you like with a single access token and the limits of each dough can be limited by a trusted customer with a reservation.

In Caveats the possibility for customers to restrict the use of pasta markers has been added. The possibility to add reserves makes pasta very useful for delegation, for example in the architecture of micro-services. The customer may delegate other services with a limited number of capacities, subject to certain restrictions. For example, after a token has been issued, the customer can add a token with a clause shortening the expiration time or reducing the volume of the token. Suppose the user has a bank account. You can refute the token with paste so that the user cannot perform both actions on the same account within 5 minutes.

Continuous resolution

The paste constantly confirms that the user is who he claims to be and that no one is claiming to use contextual permission. For this they use the hash-based message authentication code (HMAC), a mechanism for calculating the message authentication code that contains a hash function.

Noodles can be used to issue access tokens and upgrade OAuth 2.0. They allow you to access sources with owner tokens that can be conditionally added. They are based on a design that is very effective, easy to implement and widely applicable.

To find out more about the identification cloud, click here. Or contact your representative today.

*** This is a syndicated blog Security Bloggers Network of Forgerock Blog, written by Robert Vamosin. You can read the original announcement at

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